“RICE” is “LIFE”. Living without rice is unimaginable. So we have to increase rice productivity that is also with limited resources under variable climatic conditions. Reduction of the Global Warming Potential (GHG) of rice is another aspect so that rice cultivation becomes more sustainable and climate friendly. We are following two way strategies so that in one hand GHG emission reduces from Rice cultivation in general and in another hand is to identify rice germplasm with greater tolerance to submergence, drought and salinity. It would be of greater aid to develop rice cultivars proof to climate change with reduce Global Warming Potential. Improved estimates of GHG emissions in rice based production systems would lend a hand to make a balance sheet related to Global Warming Potential of rice cultivation accurately. Therefore, our theme areas are